The Taurus 70 gas turbine is an industrial gas turbine manufactured by Solar Turbines, a subsidiary of Caterpillar Inc. This turbine model is designed for high efficiency, reliability, and low emissions, making it suitable for various applications, including power generation, mechanical drive, and combined heat and power (CHP) systems.
Some key features and specifications of the Taurus 70 gas turbine include:
Power output: The Taurus 70 gas turbine has a power output ranging from approximately 7.5 MW to 8.5 MW (megawatts), depending on the specific model, operating conditions, and application.
Efficiency: The electrical efficiency of the Taurus 70 gas turbine is typically around 32-36%, which can increase to around 80% when used in CHP applications, where waste heat is recovered and utilized.
Heat rate: The heat rate (a measure of fuel efficiency) for the Taurus 70 gas turbine is around 9,800 to 10,800 BTU/kWh (British Thermal Units per kilowatt-hour).
Exhaust temperature: The exhaust temperature of the Taurus 70 gas turbine is typically between 950°F to 1,100°F (510°C to 590°C), depending on the operating conditions and specific configuration.
Fuel flexibility: The Taurus 70 gas turbine can run on various fuels, including natural gas, propane, and process gases.
Emissions: The Taurus 70 gas turbine is designed to minimize emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), and unburned hydrocarbons (UHC).
Speed: The rotational speed of the Taurus 70 gas turbine is around 15,000 RPM (revolutions per minute).
As with other gas turbines, the exact specifications can vary depending on the model, site conditions, and application. It's essential to consult the manufacturer's documentation for the most accurate and up-to-date information on specific models and configurations.
The Taurus 70 gas turbine, manufactured by Solar Turbines, is versatile and can be employed in various applications across different industries. Some of the common uses include:
Power generation: Taurus 70 gas turbines can be used in power plants for generating electricity in simple cycle or combined cycle configurations. This electricity can be used for industrial facilities or grid distribution.
Cogeneration/Combined Heat and Power (CHP): Taurus 70 gas turbines can be utilized in CHP plants, where waste heat from the turbine is captured and used to produce steam or hot water. This additional energy can be employed for heating or generating more electricity, leading to higher overall efficiency.
Oil and gas production: Taurus 70 gas turbines can be employed in oil and gas production facilities for driving compressors, pumps, and other mechanical equipment. They can also provide on-site power generation for offshore platforms and remote production sites.
Gas compression: Taurus 70 gas turbines can be used for natural gas compression in gas transmission pipelines, gas storage facilities, and gas processing plants.
Petrochemical and chemical industries: Taurus 70 gas turbines can be utilized in various processes within the petrochemical and chemical industries, such as driving large compressors, pumps, or providing power for manufacturing plants.
Mechanical drive: The Taurus 70 gas turbine can serve as the primary power source for mechanical equipment in various industries, including pulp and paper, sugar, cement, water pumping, and more.
The fuel flexibility and adaptability to different operating environments make Taurus 70 gas turbines suitable for a wide range of applications. However, it is essential to assess the specific requirements and constraints of each application to determine the most appropriate turbine model and configuration.
The Taurus 70 gas turbine's electrical efficiency typically ranges from around 32% to 36%, depending on the specific model, operating conditions, and application. This efficiency indicates the percentage of fuel energy that is converted into electrical power.
When used in combined heat and power (CHP) or cogeneration applications, where waste heat from the turbine is captured and utilized for additional power generation or heating, the overall system efficiency can increase significantly, reaching up to around 80%. This high efficiency is achieved by using the waste heat to produce steam or hot water, which can then be used for heating or generating more electricity, maximizing the energy output from the fuel consumed.
It's important to note that the exact efficiency can vary depending on factors such as the site conditions, ambient temperature, altitude, and specific configuration of the gas turbine. Always consult the manufacturer's documentation for the most accurate and up-to-date information on the efficiency of specific models and configurations.